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By Saliou Sarr





Citizenship, derived from Latin, CIVITAS, all citizens and today it can be defined according to some axes that cover what we should call, old and new citizenships.

Thus, it is a legal status conferring equal rights (civil and political, social, economic) and equal obligations for all in a given political community with participation in power, decision and control.

It is also a set of moral qualities, of civic duties considered necessary for the smooth running of the city, place where each person must accept the common rule (civism).

Today citizenship is defined more broadly as a set of specific social roles where the person has the opportunity to participate in groups that defend their interests, ideas such as ecological associations, consumer associations, advocacy groups the person, neighborhood associations etc. So, being a citizen means being a partner in several common responsibilities that we participate in by informing ourselves, informing, working, consuming, producing. Consequently, citizenship is the ability to recognize the ethical values ​​required for life in common, to act and to act with the consciousness of belonging to an organized social body.

Finally, it must be noted that it is a nationality, but it can constitute a transnational statute that has the world as a framework of expression, it means an interdependence between nations between people, so the citizens of the world attach importance to globalism, the together ideas and actions expressing the solidarity of the peoples of the globe.

2. Objectives and place in the elementary school curriculum

If civic education describes and presents the city and only aims at informing the functioning of the institutions to be able to use it, the education of the citizens aims at recognizing the well founded, to bring about the adhesion to the values ​​from which they emanate (democracy justice, solidarity, etc.) but above all to cultivate the will to act to develop the sense of values ​​required for action with a preparation for decision-making to use his critical mind.

Citizenship education is a set of knowledge, skills, attitudes that enable the child to recognize the values ​​required for living together and to make choices and act in that respect; in short, it aims to raise awareness of the values ​​required for life together in society, particularly African values, it aims to awaken interdependence, that is to say the links between all the problems of the city, but also between problems of the city and the problems on the scale of the world, to train men responsible, autonomous, prepared for the cooperation and the constructive resolution of the conflicts; male development officer, able to solve population and environmental problems.

In view of these objectives, it can be said that citizenship education was taken into account by the National Education Guidance Act of 30/01/1999, which states in its first article « Education National tends to promote the values ​​in which the nation recognizes itself, it is education for freedom, pluralist democracy, and respect for human rights, developing the moral and civic sense of those it forms; to make men dedicated to the common good, respectful of the laws and these laws and rules of social life and open to improve them in the sense of dignity, equity and mutual respect « . of reform, because it is situated in a comprehensive and broad educational setting is a testing ground

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